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This article is about human sexual anatomy, sexuality and perceptions. Because it is a broad term, which has varied over time, it lacks a precise definition. Social aspects deal with the effects of human society on one’s sexuality, while spirituality concerns an individual’s spiritual connection with others. Opinions differ on the origins of an individual’s sexual orientation and sexual behavior. Socio-cultural aspects of sexuality include historical developments and religious beliefs. Examples of these include Jewish views on sexual pleasure within marriage and some views of other religions on avoidance of sexual pleasures.
Some cultures have been described as sexually repressive. Freud believed sexual drives are instinctive. He gave sexual drives a centrality in human life, actions, and behaviors that had not been accepted before his proposal. His instinct theory said humans are driven from birth by the desire to acquire and enhance bodily pleasures, thus supporting the nature debate.
He also said pleasure lowers tension while displeasure raises it, influencing the sexual drive in humans. His developmentalist perspective was governed by inner forces, especially biological drives and maturation, and his view that humans are biologically inclined to seek sexual gratification demonstrates the nature side of the debate. Psychological theories exist regarding the development and expression of gender differences in human sexuality. Observed gender differences regarding the number of sexual partners are modest, with males tending to have slightly more than females. As adults, they have different reproductive mechanisms that enable them to perform sexual acts and to reproduce.
Men and women react to sexual stimuli in a similar fashion with minor differences. Women have a monthly reproductive cycle, whereas the male sperm production cycle is more continuous. This is a small area at the base of the brain consisting of several groups of nerve cell bodies that receives input from the limbic system. Studies have shown that within lab animals, destruction of certain areas of the hypothalamus causes the elimination of sexual behavior.